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A Guide to technical SEO for beginners: Challenges, Trade-offs, and Impacts

Google search console about the pages on your site - technical SEO for beginners

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Technical SEO for beginners: Challenges, Trade-offs, and Impacts

Part 1: Understanding technical SEO for beginners

In the vast sphere of digital marketing, Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) plays a pivotal role. One of its critical components is Technical SEO, which focusses on optimising a website’s infrastructure to ensure that search bots can crawl and index it effectively.

It is the foundation upon which the content and link-building pillars of SEO are built. It is important to utilise the Google Search Console area, which will provide important information on how search engines crawl and view your web pages.

Google search console about the pages on your site

Part 2: Key Elements of Technical SEO

Technical SEO Is multifaceted, covering several key elements:
Website Page Speed: In our fast-paced digital world, speed matters. How quickly your website loads significantly impacts the user experience.

Search engines, like Google, reward better page speed with higher rankings in the Search Engine Results Pages (SERPs). Therefore, optimising your website page speed is essential.

Mobile Responsiveness:

Also known as a mobile friendly web page, mobile usage has skyrocketed, outpacing desktop usage. Google’s index (mobile-first indexing) means the search engine primarily uses the mobile version of a website for indexing and ranking.

As such, a website that isn’t mobile-friendly risks lower rankings. Make sure you pay attention to mobile usability so that your mobile visitors have a good experience when searching for using their mobile devices.

XML Sitemap:

This is a file that lists all your website’s essential pages, making sure Google can find and crawl them all. It’s like a roadmap to your site that leads search engines to your most important pages.

SSL Certificates (HTTPS):

Security is a top priority for Internet users. Google has declared site security as a ranking signal in their algorithm. Thus, having an SSL certificate that enables HTTPS, the secure version of HTTP, is crucial.

technical aspects of your entire site including core web vitals

Part 3: Diving Deeper into Technical SEO

There are additional elements that can further influence a website’s technical SEO:

Site architecture: Quality and well-organised site architecture help search engines understand your site’s content and help users navigate your site more easily.

URL Structure: Simple, readable URLs are easier for search engines to understand and more likely to get clicked on by users.

Structured Data Markup: This helps search engine crawlers understand your site’s content and can also improve how your pages are represented in SERPs.

Note: Pay attention to all three areas, especially structured data markup, to improve your site architecture to a high level. Remember if your site architecture is poor, Google and other search engines won’t understand it as well.

Part 4: Balancing Trade-offs in Technical SEO

Optimising technical SEO isn’t always straightforward and often involves balancing trade-offs. For instance, a site that is heavy on high-quality visuals may load slower, reducing its speed performance. However, stripping down a website to its bare essentials for speed may result in an unengaging user experience.

Part 5: Challenges in Implementing Technical SEO

Adopting technical SEO for beginners isn’t without challenges. SEO isn’t a one-time task but requires constant tweaking and updating. Google’s algorithm updates frequently and staying abreast of these changes is crucial.

As your site grows, maintaining all aspects of technical SEO becomes a daunting task. For instance, managing broken links, keeping track of your XML sitemap, and handling website redirections can all become more complex.

Web page planning on paper for improved ranking in search engines

Part 6

Importance of Decision-making in Technical SEO
Making informed decisions in technical SEO is critical. The choices you make can significantly impact your site’s ranking and online visibility. Prioritising one aspect of technical SEO over another can have far-reaching implications.

Part 7

Case Study: Consider the real-world example of ABC Company. The company decided to prioritise website speed and, as a result, stripped down their site to bare minimum. Although this improved their site speed and ranking, in the search engines, their user engagement dropped due to the lack of visually appealing content.

The company then decided to implement a more balanced approach, keeping web pages engaging while optimising images and scripts for better loading speed. As a result, ABC Company saw improvements in both its ranking in search engines and user engagement.

Note: When working on your technical SEO for better search results in the search engines, always remember to monitor the changes you have recently made. You can use Google search console or similar SEO tools like SEMRUSH or Ahrefs.

Part 8 Conclusion

Technical SEO, though complex and challenging, is an integral part of a successful online strategy. It requires continuous attention, regular audits, and proactive problem-solving. By understanding its various elements, trade-offs, and challenges, businesses can make informed decisions, improve their online visibility, and enjoy a competitive edge in the ever-evolving digital landscape.

Technical SEO for beginners is an ongoing journey. As you adapt and evolve with the changing algorithms, you pave the way for your online success. Understanding and implementing technical SEO might seem daunting, but with patience and persistence, the results – higher rankings, increased visibility, and improved user experience – are truly rewarding.

Frequently asked Technical SEO questions

1. What is Technical SEO?

Technical SEO is a part of SEO that focusses on optimising an website’s infrastructure and technical working parts. Its primary goal is to ensure search engine bots can crawl and index a website effectively, contributing to the site’s ranking on Search Engine Results Pages (SERPs).

2. What are the key elements of Technical SEO?

Key elements of Technical SEO include website speed, mobile responsiveness, XML sitemap, and SSL certificates (HTTPS). Additional elements can include website architecture, URL structure, and structured data markup. All these factors work together to improve a website’s visibility to search engines and users.

3. How does website speed affect technical SEO?

Website speed significantly impacts user experience, and search algorithms, particularly Google’s, favour faster sites. Slow-loading websites may lead to higher bounce rates and negatively affect SERP rankings. Therefore, optimising a website for speed is an important part of technical SEO.

4. What trade-offs are involved in Technical SEO?

Balancing trade-offs in technical SEO involves managing conflicting priorities. For instance, a visually-rich site might load slower, impacting website speed – a crucial ranking factor. However, a site optimised only for speed might lack engaging content, leading to a poor user experience. Striking the correct balance between web page load speed and user experience is one of the trade-offs involved in Technical SEO.

5. What challenges are associated with implementing Technical SEO?

Challenges in implementing technical SEO include staying up-to-date with frequent algorithm updates, balancing user experience for search engines particular requirements, and managing scalability as a site grows. For instance, as a site expands, keeping track of factors like broken links, redirections, and XML sitemaps can become more complex.

6. How does decision-making impact Technical SEO?

The decisions you make in Technical SEO can significantly affect your site’s ranking and visibility in the search results. Prioritising one aspect of technical SEO over another can impact SERP ranking, organic traffic, and conversion rates.

For example, focusing only on website speed while neglecting mobile responsiveness can harm your website’s overall performance in search results. Therefore, considering the potential impact of decisions is crucial in Technical SEO.


As a leading authority on SEO, sales, and digital marketing, Guy Tomlinson has an impressive track record of boosting website traffic, generating leads, and increasing conversions. My mission is to educate and help those who are wanting to create a profitable online presence.